What is gum disease?
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue that surround and provide support for your teeth. Types of gum disease include gingivitis, which affects only the gum tissue, and periodontitis, an advanced form of gum disease that spreads below the gums and into the bone.
What causes gum disease?
The biofilm known as plaque is the result of bacteria that form on your teeth. Although plaque occurs naturally, the bacteria generate toxins that can cause irritation and premature erosion of your gums.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
The signs of periodontal disease include but are not limited to:
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Chronic bad breath
- Pus between the teeth and gums
- Loose teeth
How is gum disease treated?
The effects of gingivitis may be reversed with improved oral hygiene, including daily brushing and flossing, as well as regular professional dental cleanings. If your condition has advanced to periodontitis, Edmond, Oklahoma dentist Dr. Terry Bass may recommend periodontal therapy. In some cases, a surgical procedure may be necessary.
What are the risks if gum disease goes untreated?
Left untreated, periodontal disease can contribute to progressive dental problems as well as conditions that extend beyond your mouth. Gum disease has been linked to:
- Difficulty controlling blood sugar for diabetics
- Increased risk for heart disease
- Increased risk for heart attack or stroke
- Increased risk of delivering premature and/or low-birth-weight babies
If you would like to learn more about gum disease and the treatment options available, please contact Dr. Terry Bass online or call 405-848-7780 to schedule your consultation. We proudly serve patients in the Edmond, Lawton, Norman and Oklahoma City areas.